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Eight (8) Simple Steps to Remove (Impeach) A President, Vice President, Governor Or Deputy Governor

The constitution of the Federal Republic of Nigeria 1999 (As Amended) has made adequate provisions for the removal of the President, Vice President, Governors or Deputy Governors from office and until we begin to give effect to this very important part of the Constitution,

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The constitution of the Federal Republic of Nigeria 1999 (As Amended) has made adequate provisions for the removal of the President, Vice President, Governors or Deputy Governors from office and until we begin to give effect to this very important part of the Constitution, the our democracy will remain in limbo or comatose and abuse of power especially from the chief executives will remain fashionable and the people will only wait for four (4) years or election to change ineffective leadership no matter how bad it is.

For this aims, we need to have a quick look at provisions of section 143 and 188 of the 1999 Constitution. Which deals with the removal of President and Vice President and of Governors and Deputy Governors respectively, in my opinion, it is very clear that both sections provide for the same procedures. Therefore, we need to look at them one after another as follows :-

Step One (1)
Notice of removal of the office holder signed by not less than one-third 1/3 of members sent to the President of Senate or Speaker, stating that the holder of such office is guilty of gross misconduct. (Sec. 143 (2) or 188 (2) of the Constitution).

Step Two (2)
The President of Senate or Speaker shall within seven (7) days caused the allegation in specified details to be served on the office holder and on each member along with any reply from the said holder of office. (Sec. 143 (2) 188 (2) of the Constitution).

Step Three (3)
The President of Senate or Speaker shall within fourteen (14) Days of receipt of the Notice of Removal, whether replied by the office holder or not, by way of motion without debate from each House of the National Assembly or House of Assembly resolved if the Allegations shall be investigated or not. Passed by not less than two-third 2/3 majority of members. (Sec. 143 (3) (4) or 188 (3) (4) of the Constitution).

Step Four (4)
The President of the Senate or Speaker shall within seven (7) days of Passing the motion to investigate, request the Chief Justice of Nigeria or Chief Judge of the State, to appoint a Panel of seven (7) persons who in his opinion are of unquestionable integrity, not being members of any public service, legislative house or political party, to investigate the allegation. (Sec. 143 (5) or 188 (5) of the Constitution).

Step Five (5)
The holder of an office whose conduct is being investigated, shall have the right to defend himself in person and be represented before the Panel by legal practitioners of his own choice. (Sec. 143 (6) or 188 (6) of the Constitution).

Step Six (6)
The Panel shall have such powers and shall exercise its functions in accordance with such procedure as may be prescribed by the National Assembly or House of Assembly and shall report its findings to the each House of the National Assembly or House of Assembly within three (3) months of its appointment. (Sec. 143 (7) or 188 (7) of the Constitution).

Step Seven (7)
Where the Panel reports to each House of the National Assembly or the House of Assembly that the allegation has not been proved, no further proceedings shall be taken in respect of the matter. That’s the end. (Sec. 143 (8) or 188 (8) of the Constitution)

Step Eight (8)
Where the report of the Panel is that the allegation against the holder of the office has been proved, then within fourteen (14) days of the receipt of the report at the House the National Assembly or House of Assembly shall consider the report, and if by a resolution of each House of the National Assembly or of the House of Assembly supported by not less than two-third 2/3 majority of all its members, the report of the Panel is adopted, then the holder of the office shall stand removed from office as from the date of the adoption of the report.

Note:
No proceedings or determination of the Panel or of the National Assembly or any matter relating thereto shall be entertained or questioned in any court.

Further Note:
Gross Misconduct, means a grave violation or breach of the provisions of this Constitution or a misconduct of such nature as amounts in the opinion of the National Assembly or House of Assembly to gross misconduct.
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I believe with this simplified steps for_ the removal of the occupants of the offices of the President, Vice President, Governors or Deputy Governors the Legislative arm will begin to see how easy it is to remove those executives who commit Gross Misconduct, as it is left within their discretion to determine what amount to Gross Misconduct.

By:
Barr. S G Idress (Idrees Gambo)
S. G Idress & Co., (Al-Mufeed Law Firm).
No. S 250, Suite 2, Nafamalsa Plaza, Murtala Muh’d Way, Bauchi, Bauchi State.

Opinion

DOGARA TO APC: A Homecoming From The Other Home By Adamu Bello

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To Dogara and his likes, every political party is a home. PDP and APC are like maternal and paternal grandfather’s Household. To them, like in a perfectly competitive market, there are no barriers for entry or exit.

Rt. Honorable Yakubu Dogara was a PDP stalwart who later crossed over to APC during the merger formation, where he contested and won the 2015 election.

After a serious tug-of-war between the executive and legislative arms of government, while he was the Speaker of the House of Reps coupled with the series of disagreement with the then Bauchi State governor, Dogara dumped APC for the opposition PDP, where he also contested and won the 2019 election.

Not far in the journey, the romance between Dogara and PDP hit the rocks again, owing to the purported disharmony with Kauran Bauchi and 2023 political calculations. Speculations thicken that the ruling APC tempted him with the Vice Presidential slot in the forthcoming election, hence the reason for his defection.

Whatever may be his reason, cross carpeting is not atipycal in Nigerian politics. Professor Jonah Onuoha, aptly described Nigerian politicians as a crop of people, who have no sense of shame and are only out to seek personal gains above serving the people. Our politicians are synonymous to scavengers.

In a country where defection is a norm, Nigerians were not perplexed by Dogara’s decision to stage a homecoming from his other home. Even more so, Nigerians are expecting other self centered politicians to follow suit, because it happens more than one can shake a stick at.

Before 2019 elections for instance, no fewer than 14 senators, 37 members, triplet of Sokoto, Benue and Kwara state governors alongside many APC heavyweights like Atiku, kwankwaso, Saraki, and Dogara himself defected to PDP in pursuit of their selfish interests. Neither for patriotism nor for the compatriots. Masses are always secondary in their equations.

Whether or not Dogara accomplish his mission in this precedented homecoming, Nigerian democracy is further relegated to the ridicule. The practice of free entry and exit into our political parties like a market square not only embarresses Nigeria’s democracy in the international community but also casts a huge shadow of doubt over the country’s future.

I wish Honourable Dogara returned home for good.

Adamu Bello Mai-bödi
Writes from Gidado Bombiyo residence
K/kaji Azare

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Opinion

Social Media: It Has Now Become Attention Media By Yusuf Abba-Kyari

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Social media has now become almost the direct opposite of what it used to be. We used to login to a social network to interact, share ideas and find lost acquaintances on social media (remember Yahoo messenger chat rooms?) with people from other parts of the world.

Lately it has become more of attention seeking media. We travel to a nice place, post on social media. Attend an online training, post it on social media. Graduate from school, post it. Any minor detail, post it. It has also turned into an advertisement tool for products and services and big companies are making a fortune on us.

As human beings, we like to show others the little accomplishments we’ve had at any moment just to draw attention to ourselves and the funniest thing (to me) is, we’re hardly who we say we are on social media. While I am in no position to tell people what to post or not to, we should do it (in my opinion) for the right reasons.

According to some psychologist, the more hours we put on social media, the higher our anxieties and insecurities become. So we become lonely and depressed by the day. This is due to the amount of people’s lives we feed ourselves everyday.

My advice; check your phone’s usage of social media apps. If you are active for more than two to three hours a day combined, then you are using too much.

Try to reduce your screen time. It’s good for your eyes, it relaxes your brain, it frees your soul and you will become more focused on the most important things in your life.

If it helps promote you or your business, then convert your account to a business account. That way you don’t have to be checking up on others (unless if they are your competition). You can also work for someone as their social media managers. That way your skills set is put to good use.

Currently, I’m only active on LinkedIn and I connect with my loved ones on WhatsApp. I don’t have Twitter, Instagram, Facebook or any other social media account. My screen time is now less than two hours a day and it keeps reducing. On LinkedIn, thanks to A.I. it filters out the posts from my connections that actually post educative or relevant information that relates to my interests.

According to a survey by “We Are Social”, 63% of the global population are not active on social media. There are prominent people who do not use it. This does not affect their lives in any way and they are arguably happier than most of us. Most of the celebrities, public figures do not directly handle their accounts. They hire social media handlers. So if you can afford to, hire a social media handler.

A wise man was asked; “Why are social media platforms free?” He answered; “If you are not paying for a product, then be rest assured that you are the product.”

By Yusuf Abba-Kyari

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Opinion

The Cobra-Effect of Achaba Ban In Bauchi State By Adamu Bello

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The Cobra Effect is a term in Economics. It refers to a situation when an attempted solution to a problem makes the problem worse.

The decision to ban Achaba by Bauchi state government in an attempt to improve the security of lives and properties was well-intentioned. As Governor Bala fears, the proliferation of Yan-Achaba who are banned from other states into Bauchi State is a very big threat to our security, hence, the need for governments’ decisive action. No sane government will allow an open security threat to emanate and escalate without taking necessary measures. However, certain unintended consequences that may lead to making the problem worst must be considered before rushing into action to avoid falling into the ditch of Cobra-Effect.

The term Cobra-Effect was coined based on an incident in old colonial India. By some reasons, there were too many venomous cobra snakes in Delhi. People were dying due to snake-bites and it became scary for almost everyone to step out of their houses. The government of the day had to get into action to stop this menace and it offered a silver coin for every dead cobra. The results were great, a large number of snakes were killed for the reward.

Eventually, however, it led to some serious unwanted consequences. After a short-term decrease in cobra population, it started going up again. This was because few people began to breed cobras for the income. When the news reached the government, the reward program was scrapped, causing the cobra breeders to set the now-worthless snakes free. As a result, the cobra population further increased. The solution for the problem made the situation even worse.

This is exactly what would happen to Bauchi State if the government sticks to its decision on Achaba ban. The Achaba will eventually disappear, but the security situation would be worse in the near future, because most of the Yan-Achaba are youths with no other means to make ends meet than Achaba. They have no certificates for white-collar-job, no capital for investment and no skill for craftsmanship. Taking Achaba away from them makes them completely hopeless and idle. What do they say about idle mine? Many of them will see no option than to join criminal rackets such as stealing, burglary, banditry, kidnapping, fraud, terrorism, kidnapping, and thuggery, etc.

Many businesses such as vulcanizers, mechanics, engine oil vendors, motorcycle and spare-parts suppliers tend to suffer huge loss. When Yan-Achaba lose their jobs, the already skyrocketed unemployment in the state would increase geometrically. The ugly labor market would get fatter and uglier, and the dependency ratio on the inconsistent salary would also multiply, hence, shooting the state’s poverty rate up. This depicts the potential insecurity the state is heading into.

There are also serious unwanted consequences of Achaba ban to the governor politically. The ban is tantamount to hatching thousands of enemies amongst citizens comprising Yan-Achaba and their sympathizers. Especially with the way police officers are maltreating and extorting Yan-achaba financially under his watch. It is a sophisticated political weapon for the oppositions to use against the governor and his political party. Pundits in the state view the decision as an anti-masses and widely unpopular policy. Many are saying government should not block peoples’ source of income without providing alternative.

Talking about alternative, Bauchi state governor promised to provide 500 Keke Napep (tricycles) for Yan-Achaba as substitute to their motorcycles, meanwhile only three-fifty keke Napep are provided, whereas there are more than five thousand Yan-Achaba in the state. This shows that Bauchi state has no resources or the governor has no political-will to provide substitute for even the registered Yan-Achaba talk less of those without register.

I recommend the reversal of this unpopular decision of total ban on Achaba across Bauchi state, because the Cobra-Effect would be devastating. His Excellency should put emphasis on compulsory registration and consistent tax payment by Yan-Achaba. This would secure the state from unwanted proliferation and would create additional income for the state and at the same time keep thousands of youths occupied.

The ban should be successive, starting from the state capital with the provision of enough substitute tricycles at an affordable soft loan. After successful abolishing of the practice in the capital, the ban could then be extended to the remaining parts of the state using similar substitution procedures to avoid unwanted consequences.

This may save Bauchi state from the mysterious Cobra-Effect of Achaba ban.

By Adamu Bello Mai-bödi
Wrote from Gidado Bombiyo residence
K/kaji Azare.

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